Electro-mechanical energy conversion principle: single and double excitation systems; stored energy, co-energy and electromagnetic torque calculation; examples

Permanent-Magnet (PM) electromagnetic systems: PM definition, PMs families, role of PMs in nowadays technological applications, normal curve model, equivalent circuit of a PM; PM inserted in a magnetic circuit (exercises); PM electric motors (DC, Radial-Flux and Axial-Flux Synchronous Machines).

Switched-Reluctance Motor (SRM): basic principle and torque generation, equivalent circuit; converters and control of SRM drive; pros and cons; applications

Stepper motor: PM stepper motor (basic principle, static and dynamic behviour); hybrid stepper motor